A bad idle air control (IAC) valve may be the culprit. If you don’t sort it out quickly, it can lead to costly car engine repairs.
But fear not!
We’ll identify the most common symptoms of a bad idle air control valve so you can avoid unnecessary repairs. We’ll also cover its diagnosis and replacement process to give you a clear understanding of the steps involved.
This Article Contains:
- 5 Common Symptoms of a Bad Idle Air Control Valve
- How to Diagnose and Fix a Bad Idle Air Control Valve?
- 4 FAQs on Bad Idle Air Control Valves
5 Common Symptoms of a Bad Idle Air Control Valve
As you release the gas pedal, the throttle position sensor (TPS) closes the throttle plate, and the IAC valve opens to maintain the engine’s idle speed. But if the idle air control valve is bad, it causes abnormal idle RPM and several other issues.
1. Illuminated Check Engine Light
Idle air control valves impact your car’s engine performance by regulating the air intake. When the Engine Control Unit (ECU) registers an IAC valve or air intake problem, it activates the Check Engine Light.
However, the Check Engine Light doesn’t provide specific information about the idle problem, such as the engine’s idle speed. To accurately diagnose the Check Engine Light, you’ll need to read the trouble code registered by your car’s ECU.
2. Irregular Idle Speed
The idle control valve allows air to bypass the throttle plate to regulate the idle speed. If you have a malfunctioning IAC valve, an incorrect amount of air can enter the engine. This disrupted airflow results in an abnormal engine idle speed, called a “rough idle.”
How do you know if your car’s idle RPMs are abnormal?
Idle speed usually ranges between 500-1000 RPMs on standard vehicles. So, if your engine speed surges outside this range, you likely have a rough idle.
Note: A vacuum leak also results in abnormal idle speed. So, while a vacuum leak doesn’t cause a malfunctioning IAC valve, it leads to similar symptoms (like an engine stall, abnormal engine idle, and an active Check Engine Light).
3. Engine Stalling
If the idle air control valve doesn’t allow enough air to bypass the throttle plate, it leads to combustion failure and a stalling car engine. This often happens without warning.
However, in some cases, engine stalling happens when you use the car’s electronic systems (like AC), which affect the engine load.
Note: Avoid using these systems to reduce the engine load while driving with an active CEL, and take your car to a mechanic as soon as possible. An engine stall can be dangerous in bad traffic conditions.
A backfire is when fuel ignites outside the combustion chamber. If the IAC valve causes it, you’ll notice the backfire when you disengage the gas pedal to slow down.
How does a bad idle control valve cause it?
A bad idle control valve leads to poor air intake, causing a car’s engine to run rich during idle. This results in excess unburnt fuel leaking out into the exhaust and igniting.
5. The Engine Starts, Then Dies
A bad IAC valve can starve your car’s engine of oxygen if it doesn’t open sufficiently. This makes combustion difficult and, in some cases, impossible. And if combustion can’t occur, the engine dies.
Having covered the symptoms, let’s explore the ways you can diagnose and fix IAC valve issues.
How to Diagnose and Fix a Bad Idle Air Control Valve?
Accessing the IAC valve can be tricky. So, rather than doing DIY repairs, have a mechanic diagnose and fix the issue to save time.
Here’s how they would tackle a bad IAC valve:
A. Diagnose a Bad Idle Air Control Valve
After checking the idle speed, there are two primary ways a mechanic will diagnose a bad idle control valve:
- Identify the diagnostic code: Connect the OBD2 scanner to the vehicle’s computer system and read the error code. A P0505 error code indicates a bad idle control valve.
- Measure the electrical current: Attach the multimeter to each valve terminal and note the reading. Any fluctuations or readings outside 0.00-0.05 indicate a bad idle control valve.
If the valve is bad, the mechanic will clean or replace it.
B. Clean the Idle Air Control Valve
To clean idle air control valves, they’ll:
- Locate the IAC valve and remove the intake hose from the throttle body.
- Detach the vehicle’s battery cable from the negative terminal.
- Loosen the screws connecting the idle control valve with the throttle body.
- Disconnect the electrical plug and wires.
- Remove the hoses and clamps connected to the IAC valve.
- Take off the gasket around the valve.
- Use a carb cleaner to remove debris from the idle control valve and intake manifold.
- Clean the throttle body using a throttle body cleaner.
- Replace the gasket.
- Reconnect the IAC valve to the throttle body, followed by the electric plug and hoses.
- Reconnect the battery.
- Turn on the vehicle and leave it running to determine if there’s still an idle issue. The idle control valve is likely working if the engine idle is consistent.
However, if there’s a fluctuating idle speed, it means the idle control valve still isn’t working. So they’ll replace it.
C. Replace the Idle Air Control Valve
Here’s how to replace the idle air control valve:
- Locate the idle air control valve and use a wrench to detach any parts in the way. It’s typically found within the throttle body.
- Unplug the electrical connector.
- Remove the gasket and old idle air control valve.
- Attach the new idle control valve to the throttle body.
- Attach the electrical connector and any other previously removed components.
Still have some questions about your faulty idle control valve?
Let’s clear up any concerns.
4 FAQs on Bad Idle Air Control Valves
Here are the answers to some common questions regarding a bad idle control valve:
1. What Causes a Bad Idle Air Control Valve?
There are three primary reasons an IAC valve goes bad:
- Dirt and debris buildup: The most common cause of a bad IAC valve is dirt and debris accumulation or carbon buildup. It happens due to poor quality fuel and lack of maintenance.
- Electrical problems: The engine control module (ECM) controls the IAC valve using electric signals. If the electrical connections of the ECM malfunction, the IAC valve won’t work properly.
- Faulty engine control module: A damaged engine control unit may send the wrong signals, causing the valve to malfunction.
2. Can You Continue Driving with a Bad Idle Air Control Valve?
While you may be able to drive your car with a faulty idle control valve, it’s best to avoid it. Generally, you should minimize driving as soon as your Check Engine Light comes on.
Besides the illuminated Check Engine Light, a bad idle control valve can lead to car stalling, which can be dangerous if you are on a high-traffic, fast-moving route.
3. How Do You Prevent Idle Air Control Valve Issues?
Routine maintenance ensures the longevity of your idle control valve and reduces the likelihood of any idle issue.
Moreover, most problems stem from debris buildup. So, regularly cleaning the idle control valve with a carb cleaner helps prevent an idle problem.
But, if you notice irregular engine idle speed or other symptoms of a bad idle air control valve, get your vehicle checked immediately to prevent the issue from worsening.
4. How Much Does a Bad Idle Air Control Valve Replacement Cost?
Typically, you’ll spend $70 to $400 on an idle control valve. Replacing a bad IAC also incurs additional labor costs, typically between $50 to $100.
Keep Your Engine Running Smoothly with AutoNation Mobile Service
There are several tell-tale signs of a bad IAC valve, including an activated Check Engine Light, rough idling, abnormal idle speed, and car stalling. These bad IAC symptoms can harm your vehicle’s performance and engine health, potentially putting you in danger.
So why not contact a mobile mechanic from AutoNation Mobile Service to resolve IACV issues in your driveway?
Our expert mechanics can perform an IAC valve replacement for vehicles of any make, be it Ford, Honda, or Toyota. We also offer easy online bookings, are available seven days a week, and provide a 12-month | 12,000-mile warranty on all auto repairs.
Contact us today for all your auto repair and maintenance needs.